Industry and Idleness

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Industry and Idleness
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Hogarth's famous moral tale (first published 1747) of the contrasting careers of the idle and the industrious apprentices. Idle turns to robbery
and murder, is betrayed by a prostitute and eventually ends up being hung at Tyburn, while Goodchild works hard, marries his master's daughter and becomes Lord Mayor of London. These prints were often given to apprentices by their masters for Christmas presents. After Mrs Hogarth's death in 1789, her cousin Mary Lewis sold the Hogarth copperplates to John Boydell in return for a lifetime annuity of £250. The copperplates were subsequently bought at the Boydell bankruptcy sale in 1818 by the firm of Baldwin, Cradock and Joy who reissued the engravings on Whatman Turkey Mill wove paper between 1820-22; this printing is considered the last good edition of Hogarth's engraved works. The copperplates of this set were recently purchased by the British Museum. All references are to Ronald Paulson's Hogarth's Graphic Works 3rd revised edition 1989.

1. The Fellow 'Prentices at their Looms
Paulson 168, state II/II.

2. The Industrious 'Prentice Performing the Duty of a Christian
Paulson 169, state II/II

3. The Idle 'Prentice at Play in the Churchyard
Paulson 170, state II/II

4. The Industrious 'Prentice a Favorite and Entrusted by his Master
Paulson 171, state II/II

5. The Idle 'Prentice Turned Away and sent to Sea
Paulson 172, state II/II

6. The Industrious 'Prentice out of his Time and Married to his Master's Daughter
Paulson 173, state IV/V

7. The Idle 'Prentice Returned from Sea and in a Garret with a Common Prostitute
Paulson 174, state II/II

8. The Industrious 'Prentice Grown Rich and Sherrif of London
Paulson 175, state II/II

9. The Idle 'Prentice Betrayed by his Whore and taken in a Night Cellar with his Accomplice
Paulson 176, state IV/IV

10. The Industrious 'Prentice Alderman of London, the Idle one brought before him & Impeach'd by his Accomplices
Paulson 177, state II/II

11. The Idle 'Prentice Executed at Tyburn
Paulson 178, state III/III

12. The Industrious 'Prentice Lord Mayor of London
Paulson 178, state III/III