Amandus Ioannes du Plessis Cardinlas, Dux de Richelieu, Par Franciae etc.

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Amandus Ioannes du Plessis Cardinlas, Dux de Richelieu, Par Franciae etc.
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Armand-Jean du Plessis, Cardinal and Duc de Richelieu (1585 - 1642), became a cardinal in 1622. He governed France as chief minister from 1624 until his death in 1642. This portrait is one of several variants of a full-length composition showing the minister in cardinal's robes and wearing the Order of the Saint-Esprit. For a prince of the Church to have himself portrayed standing like a secular prince was novel and was presumably intended to underline Richelieu's role as statesman.